The northern stoa of the Agora in Ephesus during the late Augustus period, was turned into a basilica 160 metres long. The Basilica in Ephesus had a wooden roof and three naves which were separated by two rows of columns. During the reign of Augustus, the column capitals were lonic in style with bull heads decorating them, but during the renovations which took place in the late Empire period, they were turned into Corinthian style capitals.
Excavations have revealed that the stoa of Ephesus on which the Basilica was built, is 1.30 metres below the ground. There were three entrances into the Basilica from another small stoa located between the Varius Baths and the Basilica. This stoa was modified during the Byzantine era and has lost its originality. The statues of Augustus and his wife that are displayed in the Ephesus Museum were discovered in this stoa.
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